Vocabulary List of Timucuan Words

The words contained in this vocabulary list are taken from the wonderful book "A Grammar and Dictionary of the Timucua Language", by Julian Granberry, The University of Alabama Press. Most of our knowledge of the Timucuan language comes from Friars Francisco Pareja and Gregorio de Movilla, the two major recorders of the Timucua language during the 16th century. Father Paraja (1595) wrote four catechisms and a grammer of the Timucuan language (over 2,000 pages of text).

Two additional catechisms were written by Father Movilla (1635). We wish to extend our gratitude to Julian Granberry and John R. Swanton, who worked so diligently to transcribe and preserve these ties to Florida?s First People. To learn more about Julian Granberry?s efforts to preserve native languages, please find his web site on our links page.

Numbers

  • one- yaha, mine, ocora, yo
  • two- yaha, qibe, mine
  • second- yucha
  • three- hapu
  • third-hapu
  • four- chequeta
  • five- marua
  • six-mareca
  • seven-Piqicha
  • eight- piqinqhu
  • nine- peqecheqeta
  • ten- tuma
  • hundred-chupi
  • thousand- chupi

Colors

  • black- chucu
  • white- nayo
  • red- pira
  • yellow- nali
  • blue- lico
  • gold- hiyerba, nali
  • silver- hiyereba
  • green- puya

Time

  • day-ela equela, nabucha
  • forenoon- uqua
  • month- acu (moon)
  • night- ilaqe, pilani, nabucho
  • sunset- echa
  • year- ero
  • now- aqio, heqe, cache, qete, leaqe, hito, catoonahabela
  • evening- ilaqe
  • midnight- fichi
  • morning- palani, (na) bucha, becha
  • noon- chito, iribo
  • winter- ichira
  • yesterday- qibo

Animals

  • alligator-itori
  • animal- hachipile
  • ant- suluquita
  • anthill- suluquita pahama
  • bear- ara
  • bird- chulufi
  • buzzard- apohola
  • claws-qepe
  • crane- sicuri
  • crow- caca
  • deer- honoso
  • dog- efa
  • dove- obe
  • eel- caraca, sea, iyorona
  • feather- metele, tilo, cola
  • ferret- chiqua
  • fox- habe
  • male fox- pufi
  • flea- ibi
  • hare- apichiara
  • lion- hiyaraba, yaraha
  • panther- hiyaraba, yaraha
  • louse- hibe, iqe
  • mouse- nibilil
  • nest- chepa
  • owl- atofa, asacamaco, hitiqire, hororo
  • oyster- sicali
  • partridge- caya
  • plumage- cola
  • rabbit- quelo
  • rat- nibilil
  • snake- elatubasa, iyola, yoroba
  • swan- sicuri
  • weasel- chique
  • whale- uchu
  • wolf- banehe
  • woodpecker- tinibo
  • worm-icho

Tools

  • adze- pesola,pulu
  • ax- cocho, yahi
  • chisel- icho, ihoto
  • drum- cane, sula, uli
  • fish hook- yabi
  • fish weir- acatala, ichali
  • hook- obo
  • jug- saro
  • basket- hachi, canasta
  • box- aye
  • candle- amara, taca
  • cup- ucu
  • ladle- quiti
  • leather- hani, naha, to
  • pottage- oco
  • rope-amala, opomo
  • snare- uque
  • spatula- quiti
  • arrow-atulu
  • bow- colo
  • knife- cocho, picho, pali, pesa
  • fish basket- puye
  • fish trap- puye
  • hoe- pesola, pulu
  • iron- hiyerba, yafaraba
  • bone-yabi
  • boat- tico (canoe)
  • cabin- pile
  • clay- iqe
  • dish- plato
  • lance- ipunu
  • pot-uli
  • pottery- uli
  • rosin- tiqui
  • spade- pesola, pulu
  • spoon-quiti

Foods

  • acorn- tucu, aha
  • tree bark- anapie, cupa
  • beans- saliqi
  • brains- sili
  • bunch of grapes- bihi
  • chestnut- afeta
  • chicken- caya
  • condiment- tabi
  • cook- gisano
  • cook fried cakes- quiti
  • corn- hola
  • first corn- abo pahama, pile, yache(ba)
  • cranberry- yucuta
  • crop- abara, baca, hola
  • dessert- core
  • dumpling- chicolata, pilene
  • fish- cuyu
  • flower- chio
  • food- hono, soba
  • fruit- cala
  • fry- quiti
  • gnaw- icaputa
  • gourd- chucu
  • grape- bihi
  • gravy- neha
  • grease- amara, neha, uque
  • harvest- abara, baca
  • heart- cume
  • kitchen- hono
  • leaf (withered)- asileco
  • liver- chofa
  • lungs- pielno
  • maize- tapola
  • make soup- quiti
  • meat- soba, picho
  • melon- meloni
  • melon patch- melonipile
  • milk- iquine
  • mollusk-melo